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Describing the Design by Gerard Pas

In contemplating my design, I knew that I had to keep the center of focus directed to the Cenotaph. I wanted to create something that could adorn it as a fine string of pearls adorns the beauty of a woman.

All of my years of emotions and history with this object described above, also influenced how I would respectfully compliment this symbol of courage, liberty and sadly loss. My generous Dutch benefactors wanted to place music there, next to the Veterans Garden, serenading the Cenotaph and its honourable symbol.

When designing the ground works or sculptures, I did not want to create a signature of death as one might be influenced by a grave stone. I wanted to show the same respect to the fallen dead as such a grave stone demands but to add meaning for us the living. As I had studied war, I knew the significance of the letter V as it originated from the hand of Winston Churchill to become the symbol of Victory. I did not want to simply portray Victory alone but I wanted to add meaning to the symbol of this V. Firstly the sculptures are comprised of two sections, the first a large black granite V and the second a dedication stone. With a vision to keep the V clearly in the forefront, I dissected the V ever so slightly by placing the dedication stone protruding from its side. The result was to create a subtle hint to letter N; being the first letter of the Netherlands.
So in the broken letter N for the Netherlands, the letter V of Victory rises - from brokeness we can find Victory. The Netherlands that lay broken under the yoke of a racist and fascist rule, through the courage and sacrifice of Canadians could rise to Victory through the Liberty they afforded us in the spilling of their blood. From the broken, victory can still be attained. In Holland we think of the Canadians not only on November 11th but we celebrate them on Liberation Day, May 5th (click here to learn more). The Dutch garnish each grave with flowers in the many War Cemeteries where Canadians lie in rest and their children tend the grave sites to keep them maintained. We will not forget and Liberty has become a standard to which Holland, like Canada, still attempts to bring to this world.

Those who fought, those who died and those that continue the struggle today in the far reaches of this world, can hear this proclamation as they ring out from the Dutch Carillon which accompanies these solemn stones. Not only will this memorial speak out, that from the brokenness of War, Victory can come but that Liberty can exact a high price, as it did for our liberation in Holland. These stones will oscillate to the songs of thanks playing in the canopy of steel above them.

When first designing the Carillon I wanted the whole project to keep within the tectonic forms of architecture in the cube / parallelopied, sphere / circle, conical / triangle. The sculptures lying at its feet take the form of the triangle with the dedication stone being the rectangle. The carillon is the circle. My initial design was a spiral on which 12 bells would be mounted. Necessity forced this original conical spiral to be changed to three rings or circles holding the now 18 bells. The additional bells where added to not only aesthetically balance the rings but to compliment a full octave and one half of notes, making almost all songs playable on it. These three rings can be considered like ripples in the water and I hope to suggest that every soldier that gave his life in Holland, had such an effect to leave ripples in history. Made of stainless steel this tower will hold up these three ascending rings as a prayer reaching up the heavens.
Suspended from these three rings are 18 unique instruments poured of solid bronze by Royal Eijsbouts Bell Foundry in the Netherlands.
Surrounding the column will be a spiral of Maple Leaves descending down its tapered form like the leaves in the season of fall. These leaves on the column convey not only our respect for the Canadian War vet but point that we to our now a part of this country Canada as Dutch Canadians. It is our sons and daughters who would now go to war like the many children of immigrants who went and fought for our Liberty.

In designing the sites grounds, I wanted to create a garden that took into consideration the purpose for this monument, as well as complimenting the sculpture and carillon. For we Dutch, May 5th is Liberation Day in the Netherlands and thus I wanted the site to be in full colour for this event in spring. I used plants that would bloom Orange on top of a field of muted violet for this May day. On November 11th, I also wanted the site to look green and colourful on this somber fall day so evergreen shrubs and plants were used. Throughtout the summer orange day lilies will colour the gardens.

It is my hope that this sculpture and Carillon will invoke the knowledge of our gratitude, as Dutch, to the Canadian War Veteran. Resounding a beautiful litany of song throughout the years, reminding those who come after us of that we will never forget the cost of our Liberty. Oh Canada our home and native land, will chime from the Carillon's rafters embracing the air throughout the seasons and it plays Bach and the Beatle to.

Gerard Pas - London Canada 2006

... please click on any of the images below for an enlargement ...

Final Design
Liberation Sculpture and Memorial Carillon - Click for enlargement.
"Canadian Veterans Memorial"
"Liberation Sculpture and Memorial Carillon"
by Gerard Pas © 2006

8 metre tall carillon (bell tower) — with 60cm. tall by 3 by 3 metre wide sculpture
stainless steel carillon with bronze bells — granite ground sculpture
Installed in Victoria Park, London, Canada next to the Cenotaph - September 22, 2006.

Detail: Liberation Sculpture and Memorial Carillon - click for enlargement.
Bob Darnell's rendering of the Veterans Memorial - click for enlargement.
Detail from Gerard's above rendering. The completed carillon (bell tower) and dedication sculpture in situ at the Victoria Park site in winter.
* I used Photoshop to create these rendered drawings. G.P.
Rendering by Bob Darnell of Excellent Signs and Displays illustrating the complete installation of Gerard's “Memorial” design.
* Bob's rendering shows too many leaves ascending / descending the pole G.P.
A scale model by Piet Teunissen
Piet Teunissen's scale model of the Liberation Sculpture - click for enlargement.
Scale model of the Liberation Sculpture
This two coloured granite sculpture will lay at the base of the Memorial Carillon.
Piet Teunissen's scale model of the Veterans Memorial - click for enlargement.
Piet Teunissen's scale model of the Veterans Memorial - click for enlargement.
Piet Teunissen's scale model of the Veterans Memorial - click for enlargement.

Scale model of the Canadian Veterans Memorial made by Piet Teunissen.
The carillon tower will be made of stainless steel with 18 bronze bells suspended from it.
* the flag stone path will be dark grey and not indian red as in the above model G.P.

Piet Teunissen and Rinette Teunissen are members of the Veterans Memorial Committee, whose idea it was to create and gift this work to the veterans of London Canada. Piet in fact, came up with the original idea and concept before I was asked to design the memorial. In many ways this whole project is the making and hard work of Piet Teunissen who joined with Jan Maarschalkerweerd to start this project some years ago.
Piet Teunissen taught for many years in the Engineering Dept. of the University of Western Ontario U.W.O., where he worked in Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory. Piet has created many models of world renowned buildings and structures that where tested in this wind tunnel at U.W.O.
Piet created this wonderful scale model of Gerard's design. It was then used in the presentations to the various committees of the Municipality of the City London, in order to gain permissions to locate this memorial in Victoria Park adjacent to the Cenotaph. This was all done with the full support of the Royal Canadian Legion in London who attended the numerous City Hall meetings together with the Veterans Memorial Committee.
* I can't begin to express my sense of respect to the Legion members from London. Not only for their gift so many years ago, for which this memorial is dedicated, but for sitting there next to me at City Hall in the many meetings we had to get this project passed by the city of London. I was really supported by them in my design and they've stood behind this project since Piet Teunissen first suggested it. Thank you. G.P.
* I would also like to comment on what a great pleasure it is to have such a master craftsman like Piet Teunissen build a model of this design. As a model maker myself I know what tedious work goes into realizing a full scale model. Piet's accuracy in building this model extended to turning each bell individually on a lathe.

CAD rendering by Abuma Manufacturing - click for enlargement.
CAD rendering by Abuma Manufacturing - click for enlargement.
CAD rendering of the Carillon's profile.  
CAD rendering of a worms eyes view of the Carillon.
These two Computer Assisted Design CAD renderings where made by Abuma Manufacturing of London, Canada. The Carillon will be made of stainless steel and manufactured by Abuma at their London Canada plant. The tower will be 8 metres tall with three rings descending in size as they go down the pole. Each ring will be held with two supports. On each ring will be 6 musical bronze bells, with a total of 18 bells also descending in size on each ring. Additionally, ascending / descending the pole will be a spiral wreath of stainless steel maple leaves running up the towers centre pole.
Jan Maarschalkerweerd is the President of Abuma Manufacturing in London. He began this company after establishing and leaving Trojan Technologies Inc. also of London. Together with Piet Teunissen this project started off as their cooperative idea.
* Jan brings his erudite understanding of manufacturing to this project, both as an engineer and as someone who actually makes real structures with in the manufacturing environment. Through his learned assistance we where able to apply the laws of engineering to my original design and compromise it to its completed form, as seen above. If as the artist, I am the heart behind this design then Jan is the head. What a privilege it is to work with such an adept individual as Jan. G.P.

Top view of Memorial by Bob Darnell - click for enlargement. Profile view of Memorial by Bob Darnell - click for enlargement. Profile view of Memorial by Bob Darnell - click for enlargement. Detail view of Liberation Sculpture by Bob Darnell - click for enlargement.
Four various perspectives of the completed Veterans Memorial. These CAD renderings were provided by Excellent Signs and Displays and created by Bob Darnell.
* Bert Vanderweyst was the founder of Excellent Signs and Displays. He provided us with numerous CAD and large plotter renderings of the Memorial at the site, as well as large-scale renderings of the various components of the Memorial. Bert has to be the one the most generous men I have met. G.P.

Piet Teunissen structural drawing of the Liberation Sculpture - click for enlargement.
Structural drawing of the Liberation Sculpture with dimensions by Piet Teunissen.
This structural drawing shows the final measurements of the completed Liberation Sculpture. The sculpture consists of two granite components. The first is a large black V with the word VICTORY inscribed in its top. The second is a dedication stone made of a gray granite with the memorials dedication text inscribed in its top. This second component will be hollowed and contain the PLC computer which controls the bells of the carillon.

The Carillon Memorial Bells
Royal Eijsbouts Wiring Diagram for the 18 bell Carillon - click for enlargement.
Royal Eijsbouts Wiring Diagram for the 18 bell Carillon - click for enlargement.
Wiring diagram for carillon
Bell specifications and information:
pitches, diameters and weights
The bells are being cast at the Royal Eijsbouts Bell Foundry in Asten, The Netherlands.
This is the Wiring Diagram for the 18 bell Carillon Memorial provided by Royal Eijsbouts Bell Foundry, Asten, Holland. The carillon will be able to play up to 200 different melodies at any time of the day. The bells will be computer controlled via a PLC located in one of the granite ground sculptures. In addition the computer will be connected to a GPS system, allowing it to reboot with correct times in the event of power outage. The computer will also be controlled by an external remote to assist in programming the PLC.

Listen to the Carillon's Bells
Listen to Canada's National Anthem - click here Listen to The Netherland's National Anthem - click here
To listen to Oh Canada on a 18 bell carillon
please click above image
To listen to Wilhelmus on a 9 bell carillon
please click above image
These are two of the songs that will be programmed into the Carillon. The carillon will also chime out time - almost anything can be played on the 18 bell carillon as it provides a full one and one half octaves of notes.

As this carillon is a musical instrument it is our hope that the carillon will support the Legion with their annual ceremonies at the Cenotaph and supply musical accompaniment to the many community events in Victoria Park.

Memorial Landscaping and Grounds
Original site landscape plans by Gerard - click for enlargement. Coloured site landscape plans by Gerard - click for enlargement.
Gerard's landscape design for the Canadian Veterans Memorial site.
When planning a public sculpture many factors come into play because it must be scrutinized for cost of production, strength, endurance, safety, liability, maintenance, nuisance factors like vandalism, etc. Before presenting such a project to City Hall, all these plans must be in place, so that the various committees of City Council can determine the projects feasibility, aesthetic appeal, and cost to the taxpayer. Once all these criteria have been met and no citizen objects, permission is given to use the Cities land and place the public sculpture (Memorial) into place.
Gerard created these landscape plans to surround his Memorial design.
* My father Martin Pas has been a gardener / landscaper all of my life in Canada. Growing up, I was always surrounded by flowers, greenhouses, nurseries, and the hard work of landscaping. I wanted to apply all that I have learned in my 50 years of gardening to this site in my landscape plan. G.P.
While working on this project I have had a lot of contact with the City of London's Planning and Development Department. This dept., namely Andrew Macpherson and Julie Michaud have been extremely supportive and helpful throughout the entire process of bringing this public work from it’s infancy to a reality. Julie Michaud a Landscape Architect with the City's Planning dept. came up with an enhancement to my original landscape design. Essentially, she made very little changes to the original design except to enlarge the surrounding gardens. She did this by first mirroring my design to create a circle and then add new spaces, including new plants. Additionally, she replaced my shrubs with the more formal Boxwood shrub. These few changes make such aesthetic sense that I am very happy to show you her concept drawing of what I hope the gardens will now look like surrounding the Veterans Memorial.
Julie Michaud's concept for the garden surrounding the Memorial - click for enlargement.
Julie Michaud, Landscape Architect
City of London, Planning and Development Department.
Enhanced concept drawing for the gardens surrounding the Canadian Veterans Memorial site.

Original Design
Piet Teunissen's original design for the carillon memorial - click for enlargement.
Piet Teunissen and Veterans original design as rendered by Bob Darnell.
- this was the design before the Veterans Memorial Committee asked for Gerard's involvement -

Gerard's original drawing of the Liberation Sculpture for this Memorial - click for enlargement.
Gerard initially brought this new design for the sculpture.
I became involved with this project when Wyn Geleynse and I were asked, by Sir Richard Ter Vrugt the Netherlands Consul of Southwestern Ontario, to consult with the Veterans Memorial Committee on a design they wished to bring forth to the City of London for approval. Sadly, we had to inform them that their current design required substantial development and that it would probably not receive permissions by the City's recently formed Public Art Committee to go into Victoria Park as it was.
Sir Richard Ter Vrugt then asked me if I would redesign the sculptural component of the Memorial. I did and presented it to a sub-committee of The Veterans Memorial Committee. After seeing my design (above), they asked if I would continue and also provide a design for the Carillon, which I did and can be seen below.

Gerard's original design for the Memorial - click for enlargement. Gerard's original design for the Memorial - click for enlargement.
Gerard's complete design as first submitted.
After designing the sculpture Gerard was also asked to design the Carillon as seen above.
This is Gerard's original design for the Memorial - it had a segmented spiral ascending the tower instead of the current three rings.
As in all things in life, large public sculpture requires a degree of compromise, particularly if someone else is paying for the fabrication, then cost factor becomes a concern. In order to keep within budget, Gerard was asked to compromise his initial design, that had the mast of the carillon as a large ascending steel spiral with segments of the spiral cut out. In order to realize this, we would have been faced with a large fabricating concern in bending 50 metres of stainless steel into small sections and then welding them back together into a spiral. We were concerned that in welding the spiral together from these smaller segments, we might develop flat spots in the form. It was thus elected, after consultation with Jan Maarschalkerweerd that we would use three ascending rings in the spirals place based on his recommendations.
* I would have preferred to keep the original design and the ascending spiral, as I think my first design is more poetic. G.P.

An alternative colouring for Gerard's original design - click for enlargement. An alternative colouring for Gerard's original design - click for enlargement. Rendering showing dimensions for Gerards original design - click for enlargement. This rendering shows Gerards original design for the scultpural component using the pre-existing design of the carillon - click for enlargement.
All four of the above renderings were created by Bob Darnell of Excellent Signs and Displays.
The above images provide a chronology of Gerard's design before it reached its final stage, as seen at the beginning of this page. A & B illustrate two colour schemes for the Carillon that Gerard designed. C provides dimensions. D shows Gerard's first design for the sculptural component of the Memorial with the previous Carillon design.
* I don't think that above renderings ever truly captured my idea for the sculptural component, as can be seen in my drawing above. This has since been remedied. G.P.

CAD rendering by Abuma Manufacturing - click for enlargement. CAD rendering by Abuma Manufacturing - click for enlargement. CAD rendering by Abuma Manufacturing - click for enlargement.
worms eye view of spiral
with a 10.16 diameter
stainless steel pipe
profile view of spiral
with a 5.08 diameter
stainless steel pipe
worms eye view of spiral
with a 5.08 diameter
stainless steel pipe
The three CAD renderings above were provided by Abuma Manufacturing. They show Gerard's Carillon design in its original spiral form. The spirals in the above renderings have not been segmented as in Gerard's original design above.
Site pre-memorial
Victoria Park - London - Canada
Adjacent to the Veterans' Garden and Cenotaph
Site map - click for enlargement. Site of the Memorial - click for enlargement.
Overhead map of the site.
V marks location where this memorial will be located.
Panoramic of the Memorial site - click for enlargement.

Panoramic photo of the site in Victoria Park. V marks location of memorial.

The memorial was positioned so that the large granite V was in a direct axis or pointing to the Cenotaph.

The memorial is located at the corner of Dufferin and Wellington Streets near
The Veterans' Garden (to the far left with benches). The Cenotaph is central in the distance (because of lens) please refer to the above map. The Memorial will be across from London City Hall and London Life Insurance Company.

Thoughts on Victoria Park that inspired Gerard Pas

As a young man and now today, I have known London, Canada's Victoria Park Cenotaph almost all of my life.
As a boy, the Cenotaph was something I wanted to climb, sit on its summit, and proclaim to the world the lofty height I had attained but my kind mother forbade such disrespect. As a teenager, it was that corner of the park across from the putting green front lawns. Throughout my life, I have listened to a thread of music that waxes and wanes through all our lives as Londoners. Those many world-class music festivals and celebrations of life held within the Cenotaph's shadow; a poignant image in and of itself. With age comes the joys of knowing all of life and the knowledge of death; I began to know Metropolitan United Church and London's City Hall, standing there across from the flag staffs and wreath holders mounted on the Cenotaphs side. Now as an older man, I think of that day when the Cenotaph is given a coat of resplendent flowers and draped in the brilliant colours then withdrawn from the cold November landscape. That 11th day of the 11th month when music also addresses our ears through the lonely piper piping a lament for our fallen heroes, those who sacrificed their life so that our world might all be like this great democracy of Canada.

When asked by the Dutch community to create and design a carillon with sculpture, to be given as a gift to all Veterans of the Canadian Armed Forces, The Royal Canadian Legion - London, and the City of London, I went back to the Cenotaph again.
I stood at the site of the Cenotaph and the accompanying gardens to reinvestigate all those life sentiments that this respectful site conjured in me as an artist. I was impressed not only by my life’s knowledge but I saw this monolith as it stood there demanding my attention and drew my thoughts to all those who have served this Country in our armed forces. More reflectively, the Cenotaph also made me think of all those who have given their lives representing this nation and how that gift has touched so many lives. Those lives such as my own, children of Dutch immigrants fleeing post war Europe to settle and make this nation our home. From the frontiers of Africa and Afghanistan, Asia and the nations of Europe, Canadians have influenced us all.
I was reminded that this gift was to celebrate the Liberation of our homeland, The Netherlands, from an occupying fascist army of Nazi tyranny. Liberty for the Netherlands cost the lives of many, added to already victims of the occupying Nazi Armies. We Dutch can never forget these Canadian sacrifices of WWII, there are more than 7,000 Canadian fallen heroes who lay peacefully buried in our Dutch soil today.
Such was the power of this pillared monolith the Cenotaph in Victoria Park, as these thoughts where cultivated in my mind.

Gerard Pas - London Canada 2006

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